Michiel Coxcie


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(1499–1592). Flemish painter, designer of stained glass, tapestries, and prints. According to van Mander, he was trained in the studio of Bernaert van Orley at Brussels. From c. 1530–9 he was in Rome; in 1539 he was inscribed as a member of the painters' guild in his home town Malines. He later also lived in Brussels, Antwerp, and Ghent. Coxcie is the first northern artist who painted frescoes while in Italy, absorbing Italian Renaissance forms more thoroughly than any other northerner before Rubens. He also made designs for engravings of the Story of Cupid and Psyche, based on Raphael's frescoes in the Farnesina. Raphael was Coxcie's primary inspiration, and he himself was dubbed in his own day the ‘Flemish Raphael’. Though his style remained derivative and eclectic, he was important in transmitting Italian ideas to the north (The Death of Abel, c.1538/9; Madrid, Prado). He was highly appreciated by Rubens, who owned and copied his works.

From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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