(b St John's, Newfoundland, 6 June 1866; d Chambly, Quebec, 28 Mar. 1934).
Canadian painter whose work was influential in introducing Impressionism to his country. From 1889 to 1895 he lived in Paris and elsewhere in France, with trips to Venice and North Africa; he made two shorter trips to Europe before settling for good in Canada in 1902. His subjects included city scenes (Old Houses, Montreal, c.1900, Montreal MFA) and landscapes on the St Lawrence River, in the Laurentian hills, at St John's in Newfoundland, and in the Rocky Mountains. After about 1920 he lived in virtual retirement in a cabin he built at Lac Tremblant in the Laurentians. His friend J. W. Morrice said of his work: ‘he gets at the guts of things.’