Overview

Egyptian rulers and dynasties


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(Based on various sources, including A. Siliotti, 1996, Guide to the Valley of the Kings (Luxor: Gaddis) and J. Baines and J. Malek, 2000, Cultural atlas of ancient Egypt (revised edition, New York: Checkmark Books).)

Badarian Culture—Neolithic Culture (4500–3250 bc)

Pre-dynastic—Nagada I and II/Amratian Culture (3250–2850 bc)

Proto-dynastic—Nagada III (2850–2789 bc)

Early Dynastic (2789–2658bc)

1st Dynasty—8+ monarchs, including:

Menes/Meni/Aha? (first king to achieve unification)

Djer

Wadj

Den

Adjib

Semerkhet

Qa'a

2nd Dynasty—10 monarchs, including:

Hetepsekhemwy

Re'neb

Ninetjer

Peribsen

Kha'sekhem

Old Kingdom (2658–2150bc)

3rd Dynasty—5+ monarchs, including:

Zanakht (= Nebka)

Djoser (Netjerykhet)

Sekhemkhet

Kha'ba

Huni

4th Dynasty—?8 monarchs, including:

Snofru

Khufu/Cheops

Ra'djedef

Dedefre

Khephren (Ra'kha'ef)

Men-Kau-Re (Mykerinus)

Shepseskaf

5th Dynasty—?9 monarchs, including:

Userkaf

Sahure

Neferirkare῾ Kakai

Shepseskare῾ Ini

Ra'neferef

Niuserre῾ Izi

Menkauhor

Djedkare῾ Izezi

Wenis

6th Dynasty

Teti I

Pepi I (Meryre)

Merenre῾ Nemtyemzaf

Pepi II (Neferkare)

?Queen Nitokris

First Intermediate (2150–2100bc)

7th Dynasty—numerous minor kings

8th Dynasty—numerous minor kings

9th Dynasty—numerous minor kings

10th Dynasty (based in Nennisut)— 19 monarchs, contemporary with the 9th Dynasty

11th Dynasty (based in Thebes)—6 monarchs:

Inyotef I (Sehertawy)

Inyotef II (Wah ankh)

Inyotef III

Nakhtnebtepnufer

Nebhepetre

Mentuhotep II

Middle Kingdom (2100–1750bc)

12th Dynasty

Amenemhet I (Sehetepibre)

Senuseret I (Kheperkare)

Amenemhet II (Nubkaure’)

Senuseret II

Amenemhet III

Amenemhet IV

Sebeknefru

13th Dynasty—70+ kings, some coeval with other dynasties, including:

Wegaf

Amenemhet V

Harnedjheriotef

Amenyqemau

Sebekhotep I

Hor

Amenemhet VII

Sebekhotep II

Khendjer

Sebekhotep III

Neferhotep I

Sebekhotep IV

Sebekhotep V

Aye

Mentuemzaf

Dedumose II

Neferhotep III

Second Intermediate (1750–1500bc)

14th Dynasty—minor group of kings contemporary with 13th or 15th Dynasty

15th Dynasty—Hyksos rulers:

Salitis

Sheshi

Khian

Apophis

Khamudi

16th Dynasty—minor Hyksos rulers coeval with other dynasties

17th Dynasty—numerous Theban kings, including:

Invotef V (1640–1550 bc)

Sebekemzaf I

Nebireyeraw

Sebekamzaf II

Ta῾o I

Ta῾o II

Kamose (1555–1550 bc)

New Kingdom (1550–1070bc)

18th Dynasty

Ahmosis (1550–1525 bc)

Amenophis I (1525–1504 bc)

Thutmosis I (1504–1492 bc)

Thutmosis II (1492–1479 bc)

Hatshepsut (1479–1457 bc)

Thutmosis III (1479–1425 bc)

Amenophis II (1427–1397 bc)

Thutmosis IV (1397–1387 bc)

Amenophis III (1387–1349 bc)

Akhenaten–Amenophis IV (1349–1333 bc)

Smenkhare (1335–1333 bc)

Tutankhamen (1333–1323 bc)

Aya (1323–1319 bc)

Haremheb (1319–1307 bc)

19th Dynasty

Ramesses I (1307–1306 bc)

Sethos I (1306–1290 bc)

Ramesses II (1290–1224 bc)

Merneptah (1224–1214 bc)

Sethos II (1212–1204 bc)

Amenemesses (usurper during the reign of Sethos II)

Siptah (1204–1198 bc)

Twosret (1198–1196 bc)

20th Dynasty

Setenakhte (1196–1194 bc)

Ramesses III (1194–1163 bc)

Ramesses IV (1163–1156 bc)

Ramesses V (1156–1151 bc)

Ramesses VI (1151–1143 bc)

Ramesses VII (1143–1136 bc)

Ramesses VIII (1136–1131 bc)

Ramesses IX (1131–1112 bc)

Ramesses X (1112–1100 bc)

Ramesses XI (1100–1070 bc)

Third Intermediate (1070–712 bc)

21st Dynasty

Smendes (1070–1044 bc)

Amenemnisu (1044–1040 bc)

Psusennes (1040–992 bc)

Amenemope (993–984 bc)

Osorkon I (984–978 bc)

Siamun (978–959 bc)

Psusennes II (959–945 bc)

22nd Dynasty

Shoshenq I (945–924 bc)

Osorkon II (924–909 bc)

Takelot I (909 bc)

Shoshenq II (909–883 bc)

Osorkon III (883–855 bc)

Takelot II (860–835 bc)

Shoshenq III (835–783 bc)

Pami (783–773 bc)

Shoshenq IV (773–735 bc)

Osorkon V (735–712 bc)

23rd Dynasty—various lines of kings recognized in Thebes, Hermopolis, Herakleopolis, Leontopolis, and Tanis, including:

Pedubaste I (828–803 bc)

Osorkon IV (777–749 bc)

Peftjau῾awybast (740–725 bc)

24th Dynasty

Tefnakhte (c. 724–712 bc)

Bekenranef (c. 720–715 bc)

Late Dynastic (712–332bc)

25th Dynasty

Kashta (770–750 bc)

Piye (750–712 bc)

Shabaka (712–698 bc)

Shebitku (698–690 bc)

Taharqa (690–664 bc)

Tantamani (664–657 bc)

26th Dynasty

Necho I (672–664 bc)

Psammetichus I (664–610 bc)

Necho II (610–595 bc)

Psammetichus II (595–589 bc)

Apries (589–570 bc)

Amasis (570–526 bc)

Psammetichus (526–525 bc)

27th Dynasty—Persian period

Cambyses (525–522 bc)

Darius (521–486 bc)

Xerxes I (486–466 bc)

Artaxerxes I (465–424 bc)

Darius II (424–404 bc)

28th Dynasty

Amyrtaios (404–399 bc)

29th Dynasty

Nepherites I (399–393 bc)

Psammuthis (393 bc)

Hakoris (393–380 bc)

Nepherites II (380 bc)

30th Dynasty

Nectanebo I (380–362 bc)

Teos (365–360 bc)

Nectanebo II (360–343 bc)

31st Dynasty—second Persian period

Artaxerxes III Ochus (343–338 bc)

Arses (338–336 bc)

Darius III Codoman (335–332 bc)

Graeco-Roman period (332bcad395)

Macedonian Dynasty

Alexander III, the Great (332–304 bc)

Philip Arrhidaeus (323–316 bc)

Alexander IV (316–304 bc)

Ptolemaic Dynasty (304–30 bc)

Roman period (30 bcad 395)

From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Archaeology.



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