A trade union whose membership is restricted to employees of a single enterprise. Enterprise unionism is the dominant form within Japan, though there are plentiful examples in the UK and staff associations generally take this form. It has also been argued that a system of de facto enterprise unionism has emerged in the UK as a result of the decline in multi-employer bargaining and its replacement with enterprise and workplace bargaining. According to this view, semi-autonomous workplace trade union organization within large general unions is equivalent to the enterprise unionism found in Japan. Supporters of enterprise unionism argue that it leads to a cooperative relationship between employer and union. However, critics claim that the dependence of the union on the individual employer leads to quiescence and ineffective representation. [See company union.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.