A family of religious scholars in Lucknow, named after an estate bestowed on them by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. One of the most distinguished members of the family, Mulla Nizam al-din Ahmad (d. 1748), is credited with helping standardize the curriculum of the madrasas in South Asia. Scholars of this family distinguished themselves in the study of law, logic and philosophy, and mysticism, and maintained extensive intellectual and spiritual ties with scholars, students, and disciples throughout South Asia. Mawlana Abdul Bari (d. 1926), a member of this family, was one of the most important leaders of the Indian Khilafat movement (1918–24), but the family's intellectual and religious prominence gradually faded away after that.
See also India, Islam in