Josiah Willard Gibbs

(1839—1903) American physical chemist

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(1839–1903) US mathematician and physicist,

who spent his entire academic career at Yale University. During the 1870s he developed the theory of chemical thermodynamics, devising functions such as Gibbs free energy; he also derived the phase rule and was one of the founders of statistical mechanics. In mathematics he introduced vector notation.

Subjects: Science and Mathematics.

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