(b Brooklyn, NY, 29 May 1874; d New York, 10 May 1949). American baritone of Spanish descent. He spent his youth in Spain and France and in England, where he sang as a boy soprano. He returned to New York and studied with Cleito Moderati and Emilio Agramonte. He made his début as assistant to Marcella Sembrich in 1897. Because he was extremely short-sighted he never sang in opera, but he soon found a place as a leading recitalist and festival soloist, often appearing jointly in recitals with Emma Eames, whom he married in 1911. From about 1898 he was very active in various recording studios, using a variety of pseudonyms (Carlos Francisco, M. Fernand, Herbert Goddard etc.); eventually under his own name he became one of the most successful and prolific Victor Red Seal artists. Because of his own success and his association with many of the leading singers of his day, he became artistic director for Victor and supervised many recording sessions. In 1925 he joined the faculty of the Curtis Institute. His voice was a vibrant and virile baritone of wide range and ample power, as can be heard on recordings with Eames reissued on CD. He was master of many styles, especially admired in music of the French and Spanish schools, but he had a gift of lending distinction to simple home songs and popular selections. He contributed some memoirs to Opera News (Nov 1937).
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.