Baltasar Gracián


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference


Spanish baroque moralist, and Jesuit scholar, whose works influenced La Rochefoucauld, and later Voltaire, Nietzsche, and Borges. Schopenhauer considered Gracián's El criterión (1651–7, trs. into English as The Critick, 1781) one of the best books ever written. However, according to his Jesuit superiors Gracian himself was choleric, bilious and melancholic.

Subjects: Philosophy.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.