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Baltasar Gracián

(1601—1658)


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(1601–58)

Spanish baroque moralist, and Jesuit scholar, whose works influenced La Rochefoucauld, and later Voltaire, Nietzsche, and Borges. Schopenhauer considered Gracián's El criterión (1651–7, trs. into English as The Critick, 1781) one of the best books ever written. However, according to his Jesuit superiors Gracian himself was choleric, bilious and melancholic.

Subjects: Philosophy.


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