(b. Serpukhov, near Moscow, 1914; d. Moscow, 25 May 1992)
Russian; First Secretary of the Moscow City Committee 1967–85 Grishin was the son of a railwayman, who initially followed his father's career. He joined the Communist Party while doing military service in the years 1938–40 and then entered a political career. He worked in the party organization of his home town until 1950, when he moved to Moscow. By 1952 he had reached the rank of second secretary of the Moscow party and had entered the Central Committee. From 1956 to 1967 he was head of the Soviet trade unions. In 1967 he became First Secretary of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU. In 1971 he was elected full member of the Politburo. From 1976 to 1985 he held the nationally important post of First Secretary of the party organization in Moscow. In 1985 he stood against Gorbachev as a candidate for the post of General Secretary. At the end of the year, Gorbachev replaced him as Moscow First Secretary with Yeltsin and in February the next year removed him from the Politburo.