are management techniques that supposedly increase the overall performance and/or effectiveness of the organization by making better use of the skills of employees and improving their commitment to the organization. Typically such techniques would include teamworking, functional flexibility, empowerment, employee development, appraisal, counselling, and performance-related pay. The term HPWP is particularly associated with research undertaken by bundles theorists. The problem is that different theorists do not agree upon the precise bundle of human resource practices that is supposed to account for better organizational performance. To some extent, this is reflected in the range of terms that different researchers use to label their particular bundles of practices, for example, high commitment management, high involvement management, high performance work systems, high performance management, and human capital enhancing HR systems.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.