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Hojatiyyah


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Conservative Shii religio-political school of thought. Founded in the 1950s by Shaykh Mahmud Halabi in Iran to eradicate the Bahai faith. After the Islamic revolution of 1979, adherents were accused by fundamentalist clerics of opposition to vilayat-i faqih (rule of the jurist) and of not actively promoting the necessary conditions for the return of the Hidden Imam. The name has become a negative term applied to those who generally support less involvement of the clergy in government and less government taxation of business. In 1983 the Islamic regime mounted a public campaign against the movement's sympathizers. The society was suspended by the government, and the regime has practically ignored its existence since 1983. The whereabouts of Halabi and the extent of support for the movement today are unknown.

Subjects: Islam.


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