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HIVAN


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Human immunodeficiency virus-associated nephropathy: a condition associated with HIV infection. The patient usually presents with nephrotic-range proteinuria (see nephrotic syndrome) with microscopic haematuria, without oedema but with a rapid decline in renal function. Enlargement of the kidneys on ultrasound examination is a common finding, and HIVAN may precede other manifestations of HIV infection. Typical renal pathological findings are of a collapsing form of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. The clinical course is usually one of rapid decline in renal function.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.


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