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Moderate subsect of Khariji Islam founded in the eighth century. Has its strongest presence in Oman, but is also found in North Africa and Zanzibar. Headed by an elected imam who holds absolute ruling authority over the community as long as he abides by Ibadi principles and law. The imam can be deposed if he has disobeyed and not repented. Ulama are held in high esteem and guide the process of electing the new imam. The imam is expected to obey them and abide by their rulings. Ibadis accept coexistence with other Islamic sects. When suppressed by enemies, the community exists in a state of secrecy in which there may be no imam.

Subjects: Islam.

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