The forerunner of the Irish National Party put together by Isaac Butt and Parnell. It was formed by about 40 Irish MPs in 1852 to assist the Tenant League campaign and to obtain the repeal of the Ecclesiastical Titles Act. But it split badly between catholics and protestants, sympathizers of the Liberals and of the Conservatives, and those who gave priority to land reform over the religious question. The latter were known to their admirers as ‘the Irish brigade’, to their detractors as ‘the Pope's brass band’.
Subjects: British History.