industrial hygiene

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The art and science devoted to recognition, evaluation, and control of the environmental factors and stresses that occur in or are related to the workplace and working conditions that may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, discomfort, and inefficiency among workers or others in the communities located near a workplace. The industrial hygienist anticipates, treats, and controls unhealthy working conditions and seeks to protect and enhance the health of workers. The term dates to the early days of the industrial revolution, when working conditions in many factories were appallingly bad. It is almost synonymous with occupational health but may differ in putting greater emphasis on protecting and improving workers' health.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — History of the Americas.

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