An approach to the study of behaviour that focuses on the interaction between people and their situations. Coaches who adopt an interaction orientation believe that motivation of their athletes does not result only from personal factors (e.g. the needs, interests, goals, and personality of the athletes), nor does it result from only situational factors (e.g. the leadership style of the coach, and the win-loss record of a team), but depends on the interaction of these two sets of factors. According to this approach, there is no one type of leadership style, which suits all situations, and effective coaches adopt a leadership style that matches their specific situation.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.