Coalition of Islamic and right-of-center parties that emerged in Pakistan following the death of General Zia-ul-Haq. Parties largely favored Zia's regime. Major parties within it were the Muslim League and Jamaat-i Islami. Challenged the Pakistan People's Party, headed by Benazir Bhutto, in the 1988 elections. Came to power in the 1990 elections under the leadership of Nawaz Sharif.