Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi

(1804—1851) German mathematician

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  German mathematician responsible for notable developments in the theory of elliptic functions, a class of functions defined by, as it were, inverting certain integrals. Applying them to number theory, he was able to prove Fermat's conjecture that every integer is the sum of four perfect squares. He also published contributions on determinants and mechanics.

Subjects: Mathematics.

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