The title derives from the description of ‘James the less’ in Mk. 15: 40, but it is commonly applied to James, the son of Alphaeus (Mk. 3: 18 etc.), one of the Twelve Apostles, who is thus identified with the James of Mk. 15: 40. The epithet is probably attached to the Apostle only to distinguish him from St James ‘the Great’ (of the previous entry). Feast day in the E., 9 Oct.; in the W., with the Apostle St Philip, formerly 1 May and still so in the BCP; in the RC Church transferred to 11 May in 1955 and to 3 May in 1969.