Islamic political party in Pakistan; also known as JUP. Established in Karachi in 1948, the JUP follows the Barelwi school of Islamic thought, which emerged to counter the influences of the Deobandis. Emphasizes populist and devotional practices of religion. Clashes over party decisions have divided the JUP into factions, and since 1986 the JUP has lost much of its support. The two main factions are headed by Shah Ahmad Noorani and Abdussahar Niazi. Its students' wing has a considerable following in Barelwi madrasas.