Formed in 1944, despite strong reservations by the British, who feared an escalation of Jewish-Arab tensions in Palestine. It numbered some 5,000 men and saw service in Egypt, north Italy, and the North-West Europe campaign. Its members helped to smuggle out from Europe many survivors of the concentration camps and the Holocaust. It was officially disbanded in 1946, though some of its operations were taken over by the Haganah.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).