James Keill was born in Edinburgh on 27 March 1673 and died at Northampton on 16 July 1719 of cancer of the mouth. He was the younger brother of the Newtonian physicist and astronomer John Keill, and shared many of his brother's views. James attended some classes at Edinburgh University before completing his medical studies at Paris and Leiden. (He matriculated at Leiden in 1696, but did not actually receive a degree.) On returning to England, he lectured on anatomy at both Oxford and Cambridge. In 1699 he obtained the degree of MD from the University of Aberdeen; then in 1705 he was awarded an honorary MD from Cambridge. In 1703 he established a successful medical practice in the town of Northampton. His scientific interests led to an extensive correspondence with Sir Hans Sloane; this in turn led to his becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1712.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.