(1773–1853), radical turned Whig. Although his Personal Recollections (1849) minimized his role in the United Irish conspiracy, Lawless was in fact prominent in the movement's militant faction, and chief organizer of its underground activities in England. Imprisoned in 1798 and 1799–1801, he travelled abroad 1802–5, then returned to Ireland to become a reforming landlord and a magistrate. He supported Catholic emancipation, repeal, and the Tithe War, but was close to the marquis of Anglesey, lord lieutenant 1830–4, under whom he became an English peer and a privy counsellor.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.