(1823–1901), studied at Harvard under Agassiz and was a professor of natural sciences at several Southern universities before becoming professor of geology, zoology, and botany at the University of California (1869–1901). His most important work was concerned with the origins of mountain systems, and he was an early supporter of the theories of Darwin and Lyell. His many publications include Religion and Science (1874), Elements of Geology (1878, frequently revised), Evolution and Its Relation to Religious Thought (1888), Outlines of the Comparative Physiology and Morphology of Animals (1900), an Autobiography (1903), and a journal of experiences in the Confederate army, 'Ware Sherman (1937). Some of his theories influenced Frank Norris, a student in his classes.
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.