Pakistani thinker and activist. Born in Amritsar in 1888, educated in English schools in India, and later attended Christ Church College at Cambridge, where he excelled in mathematics and natural sciences. Upon his return to India he devoted himself to Islamic scholarship, the most notable result of which was Tazkirah. He also became involved in Muslim politics and was particularly opposed to the Muslim League. He formed the Tahrik-i Khaksar (Movement of the Humble) in Punjab in 1931, a paramilitary organization that used agitation to undermine both the British government and the Muslim League. After partition the Tahrik-i Khaksar changed its name to the Islam League but continued to agitate.
See also Tahrik-i Khaksar