popular monthly, was published and edited by S[amuel] S[idney] McClure (1857–1949), Irish-born publisher who in 1884 established the first newspaper syndicate in the U.S. and went on from that success to found the magazine that bore his name. It was intended to present at a small price the work of the most famous contemporary English and American authors, as well as to report current scientific knowledge and world affairs. It became a leading vehicle in muckraking (1901–12), producing lively articles on complex subjects, and was a spearhead of the reform movement, investigating every aspect of American life. Contributors included O. Henry, F.P. Dunne, Jack London, and W.A. White, and among the leading articles were “The History of the Standard Oil Company,” by Ida Tarbell; “The Shame of Minneapolis,” by Lincoln Steffens; and “The Right to Work,” by R. S. Baker. Its period of significance passed with the waning of public enthusiasm for reform, and McClure's own success diminished. The work he called My Autobiography (1914) was written by Willa Cather.