(1881–1929). German architect, he worked with Lauweriks (before 1907), Behrens (1907–8), Paul (1909–10), and Gropius (1911–14 and 1919–25). With the last he designed the Fagus Shoe Factory, Alfeld-an-der-Leine, Germany (1910–11), housing at Wittemberg, Frankfurt-an-der-Oder (1913–14), the Kleffel Cotton Factory, Dramburg (1913–14), and the Model Factory and Office Building for the Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne (1914), all of which are more controlled and elegant than anything Gropius was to produce later on his own. The Fagus curtain-walling and the Cologne curved glazed cases for the stairs were to be enor-mously influential on International Modernism. In 1925 he designed part of the Zeiss Factory, Jena. He taught at the Bauhaus (1919–25).
From A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture in Oxford Reference.