Alexander Monro was born in Edinburgh on 5 November 1773 and died on his estate on 10 March 1859. The son of Alexander Monro secundus and grandson of Monro primus, successive Professors of Anatomy at the Edinburgh Medical School, he inevitably followed the family tradition. He was educated in Edinburgh at the Royal High School and entered the University in 1790, graduating MD in 1797. He completed his education in London and Paris, returning to his native city in 1800. By this time, his succession to the chair of anatomy was already secured; two years earlier, his father had arranged for him to be appointed conjoint professor. By 1802, Monro tertius had taken over most of the teaching and by 1808 took full responsibility for the class. He clung tenaciously to his post, fighting off proposals for a new chair of comparative anatomy and later attempts to create a separate chair of surgery. He finally retired in 1846, aged seventy-three, bringing to an end the 126-year hold on the chair by the Monro family. He retired to his estate.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.