Giovanni Maria Mosca Padovano


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(b Padua, c. 1493/5; d Kraków, after 31 March 1574). Italian sculptor, medallist and architect, active in Poland. He is first documented in 1507, when he was apprenticed for six years to the Paduan sculptor Giovanni Minello (c. 1440–1528). Released early from this contract, he also trained with the sculptor Bartolomeo Mantello (fl early 16th century). His first documented work is a bronze relief of the Beheading of St John the Baptist (1516; Padua Cathedral). In Padua he also executed a marble relief of the Judgement of Solomon (Paris, Louvre) for Giambattista Leon. However, a commission dated 28 April 1520 for a marble relief of the Miracle of the Unbroken Goblet (Padua, Santo, Chapel of St Anthony) describes him as a resident of Venice, working on the high altar of S Rocco in that city. Mosca's work on the relief proceeded from 1523 to 1529, when the almost completed relief was finished by Paolo Stella after Mosca's final departure. In S Rocco, the lower register of the high altar contains two small marble works by Mosca, St John the Baptist (often identified as St Pantaleon) and St Sebastian. The powerfully contorted and pathetic St Sebastian is his first mature statement departing from the calm, static manner of earlier reliefs by Minello and the influential Tullio Lombardo (c. 1455–1532). Mosca is documented in Venice in 1522, when he received payments for a Virgin (untraced) on the house of Paolo de Monte. Other works of this period include several marble reliefs, such as Venus Anadyomene (London, V&A), Portia (Venice, Ca’ d’Oro) and Mucius Scaevola (Florence, Bargello).


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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