Was ruled by the Eóganacht dynasty from the 7th to the mid‐10th cent., who were then overshadowed by Dál Cais, to whom Brian Boru (d. 1014) belonged. The province was directly affected by the Anglo‐Norman invasion of 1169 which saw widespread colonization, the O'Briens and Mac‐Carthys being confined in the far west. A Desmond revolt in 1579 led to its plantation by English protestant settlers, and the defeat of the Irish forces at the battle of Kinsale in 1601 meant the collapse of the Gaelic ascendancy throughout Ireland. Munster was the focus of much of the guerrilla warfare that characterized the War of Independence, 1919–21.
Subjects: Religion — British History.