(USA) Founded in 1890, this organization campaigned for women to be given the vote in all public elections at every level, though until 1916 it principally worked for women's suffrage in state and municipal elections. Its membership rose from around 17,000 in 1905 to two million in 1917. Led by Anna Howard Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, in 1916 it began to campaign for a change to the US Constitution to ensure that women had the vote at every level. Ultimately, women's crucial role in World War I, when they filled many social and economic positions hitherto occupied by men, proved the catalyst for equal political rights. It was disbanded in triumph when political equality was achieved on the passage of the Nineteenth Constitutional Amendment in 1920.
Subjects: United States History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).