A physical therapy used to treat athletes with muscle atrophy associated with non-use, post-surgery, or after an incomplete spinal injury. Motor nerves supplying the affected muscle are stimulated with electric pads applied directly on the skin. This causes the muscles to contract, improving their strength and range of movement. The muscle contractions also reduce oedema (swelling) by helping to pump blood through the tissue. Neuromuscular stimulation can also be used for muscle re-education after a cerebrovascular accident (e.g. a stroke).
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.