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Perhaps the most prominent of Australian right‐wing paramilitary movements, formed by Colonel Eric Campbell (b. 1893, d. 1970) on 18 February 1931. Appealing to patriotism, the monarchy, and anti‐Communism, it drew its membership from those hit by the Great Depression, and agitated by Lang's populism. Based in Sydney but spreading throughout New South Wales, its membership peaked at 50,000. However, Lang's dismissal in 1932 reduced the heat in the state's political atmosphere, precipating a decline of the movement, which disbanded in 1935.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).


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