Fażlullāh Nūrī

(d. 1909)

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(d. 1909)

Also known as Hajj Shaykh Fazlullah ibn Mulla Abbas Mazandarani NuriTihrani. Distinguished Iranian Shii cleric. Issued anti-tobacco edict during the Tobacco Revolt of 1891–92. Initially one of the most active supporters of constitutional government but gradually shifted to the opposition as he became concerned by the perceived dangers of constitutional government for Islam in general and Islamic law in particular. Argued for tying the foundations of the secular form of government to the requirements of Shii law. Emphasized the necessity of the monarchy and clerical viceregency in matters of prophethood for Islam. Captured and executed by constitutionalist forces.

See also Constitutional Revolution (Iran)

Subjects: Islam.

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