An abbreviated name for the most famous book by Charles Darwin that documented the phenomenon of evolution and elaborated a theory to explain its mechanism. The full title of the book was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. The first edition was published in 1859, and no biological treatise written before or since has produced an impact upon society equal to it. The 1,250 copies of the first edition were sold out the first day. The Origin went through six editions, the last in 1872.
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Charles Darwin (1809—1882) naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection