(b Budapest, 1899; d Philadelphia, 1985).
Hung.‐born conductor (Amer. cit. 1927). Toured Europe as child prodigy until 1914. Head of master classes, Budapest Cons. 1919. Went to USA 1921, becoming leader and, in 1924, cond. of orch. at Capitol cinema, NY. Cond. Minneapolis SO 1931–6; ass. cond. (with Stokowski) Philadelphia Orch. 1936–8, mus. dir. 1938–80. NY Met début 1950 (Die Fledermaus). Salzburg Fest. 1955. Hon. KBE 1976.