Pai-chang Huai-hai


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A mid-T'ang dynasty Chinese Ch'an monk who attained enlightenment (bodhi) as a disciple of the famous master Ma-tsu Tao-i (709–88). He is primarily known for formulating a rule called the ‘Pure Rules of Pai-chang’ (Chin., Pai-chang ch'ing-kuei) that regularized and systematized the accumulated ‘house rules’ of previous Ch'an communities, creating a formal tradition out of what had been a set of ad hoc regulations. Pai-chang's original rule is no longer extant, but other ‘Pure Rules’ arose based upon it, and in 1338 the Yüan-dynasty emperor ordered the publication of a new revision of Pai-chang's rule.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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