Overview

Pai-chang Huai-hai

(720—814)


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(749–814).

A mid-T'ang dynasty Chinese Ch'an monk who attained enlightenment (bodhi) as a disciple of the famous master Ma-tsu Tao-i (709–88). He is primarily known for formulating a rule called the ‘Pure Rules of Pai-chang’ (Chin., Pai-chang ch'ing-kuei) that regularized and systematized the accumulated ‘house rules’ of previous Ch'an communities, creating a formal tradition out of what had been a set of ad hoc regulations. Pai-chang's original rule is no longer extant, but other ‘Pure Rules’ arose based upon it, and in 1338 the Yüan-dynasty emperor ordered the publication of a new revision of Pai-chang's rule.

Subjects: Buddhism.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.