(b Kutaisi, 4/16 Aug. 1871; d Tbilisi, 6 Oct. 1933). Georgian composer and folklorist. He studied with Taneyev at the Moscow Conservatory, 1900–3. Returning to Tbilisi, he helped establish the Georgian Philharmonic Society, eventually directing its music school (1908–17). He was appointed to teach at the Tbilisi Conservatory in 1917, becoming professor in 1919 and serving intermittently as director, 1919–32. He was honoured as a People's Artist of the Soviet Union (1925), and the Tbilisi theatre and a Georgian State Prize were named after him. His works include three operas, all staged in Tbilisi—Abesalom da Eteri (1919), Daisi (‘Twilight’, 1923), and Latavra (1928)—as well as a Mass in E♭ (1900), Kartuli Liturgia (Georgian Liturgy, for chorus, 1911), and other vocal works. He also transcribed and collected over 300 Georgian traditional songs.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.