(1750–1828) Revolutionary War army officer. Raised primarily in England, the South Carolina-born Pinckney established a successful law practice in Charleston and openly opposed the Intolerable Acts (1775). He entered the state legislature in 1778 and served as an aide to Gen. Horatio Gates;Pinckney fought at Yorktown (1781). After the war, he served two consecutive terms as governor of South Carolina (1777, 1778) and supported the adoption of a strong federal constitution, aligning himself with Alexander Hamilton and the new Federalist party. George Washington named him ambassador to Great Britain in 1791, in which position he attempted to negotiate, without much success, issues involving freedom of the seas, fishing rights, and compensation for damage inflicted by the British during the war. Pinckney ran for vice president in 1800, as John Adams's running mate; the ticket lost to Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. After four years in the House of Representatives, Pinckney returned to South Carolina, where he lived out the rest of his life.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.