planning (land-use)

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Controls by central or local government over the use of land. These are common, because of the importance of externalities resulting from land use. Land-use planning is intended to keep activities causing negative externalities, such as noise or visual intrusion, away from places where they are believed to be particularly harmful. Land-use controls typically operate more strictly on changes of use and new activities than on continuation of existing activities.

Subjects: Economics.

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