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A fragment of a treatise by Aristotle which greatly influenced the theory of neo‐classicism. It is the source of the principles elaborated by later critics as the unities, and it also introduced many much‐discussed concepts related to the theory of tragedy, such as mimesis (imitation); catharsis (purification or purgation); peripeteia (reversal); and hamartia (either ‘tragic flaw’ or, more accurately, ‘error of judgement’). Hubris (overweening pride or confidence) was a form of hamartia.

Subjects: Literature.

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