Sterling Price


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(1809–67) Confederate army officer, born in Virginia. Price moved as a young man to Missouri, where he prospered as a tobacco planter and merchant. He entered politics and held several statewide positions, including Speaker of the General Assembly (1840–44). In 1844 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, a position he promptly resigned to serve in the Mexican War (1846–48). Returning to Missouri, he served two terms as governor (1853–57). Although he initially opposed secession, he eventually sided with the Confederacy and received a commission in the Confederate army. After participating in a number of military engagements across the South, Price was put in charge of the invasion of Union-occupied Missouri (1864), an invasion that was a military debacle. After the war, he led a failed attempt to establish a camp for Confederate refugees in Mexico.

From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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