principle of specificity

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A basic training principle which states that, in order to improve a particular component of physical fitness, a person must emphasize that component in training. A training programme must stress the physiological systems used to perform a particular activity in order to achieve specific training adaptations. Consequently, a weight lifter who trains only for strength and power will probably be stronger than an untrained person, but have no better aerobic endurance. See also principle of progressive overload.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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