(b Feldafing, nr. Munich, 1883; d Tokyo, 1972).
Ger. conductor and composer. Ass. cond. to Mahler at Vienna Opera 1906–9. Cond. Ger. Opera in Prague 1909–14, Bremen Opera 1915–18. Mus. dir. Max Reinhardt ths. in Berlin 1918–25. Cond. all Mahler syms. and song‐cycles in Berlin 1923–4. Taught at Imperial Acad. of Mus., Tokyo, 1931–7. Mus. adv. Royal Dept. of Fine Arts, Bangkok, 1937–9. Returned to Japan 1939, interned there 1944. Worked in Calif. 1946–51, but returned to Japan where he became dir., Musashino Acad. of Mus., Tokyo. Comps. incl. radio opera, Conc. for Orch., and xyl. conc. His reminiscences of Mahler, pubd. 1973–4, are illuminating.