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Capital of Sri Lanka during the medieval period. Also known as Pulatthi-pura, the city flourished between the 7th to the 14th centuries, and was captured at different times by Tamil and Cola forces from India. It was recaptured by Vijayabāhu I around 1070 who renamed it Vijayarājapura and constructed the temple of the tooth relic to house a tooth believed to belong to the Buddha. The city was looted around 1215 by forces from south India and was largely in decline from then on, with occasional periods of renaissance.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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