Francis Mawson Rattenbury


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English architect, trained by his uncles, William (1828–89) and Richard (1834–1904) Mawson (who, with Lockwood, had designed Saltaire, the model Company town in Yorks. from 1858). Having designed the Town Hall, Cleckheaton, Yorks. (1891), in a Queen Anne Revival style, Rattenbury settled in Vancouver, B.C., Canada, in 1892. In the following year he won the competition to design the Legislature Building, Victoria, B.C. (1893–8), with a handsome scheme in which English Renaissance elements were mixed with massive arches similar to those employed by Richardson in the USA. He employed Beaux-Arts, château, Scottish Baronial, and various eclectic styles in numerous works, including banks. Notable buildings include the Empress Hotel (1903–8— extended after 1909), the Bank of Montréal (1906–7), Government House (with Maclure, of 1901–3—destroyed), and the Canadian Pacific Railway Terminal, all in Victoria (1923—with P. L. James (1879–1970) ). He was the victim of a notorious murder in Bournemouth, England, after he retired there in 1930.

AH, xxxvi (1993), 127–44;A. Barrett & Windsor-Liscombe (1983);Kalman (1994);Jane Turner (1996)

Subjects: Architecture.

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