Redmond, a lawyer, was born in Co. Wexford. He became clerk of the House of Commons in 1880, and an Irish Parliamentary Party MP from 1881. He led the Parnellites from 1891 and the entire party from 1900. His great opportunity appeared to come with the introduction of the third Home Rule Bill in 1912, but when opposition in Ulster and in the Tory Party mounted, Redmond seemed over‐dependent on the Liberal alliance. Redmond failed to react effectively to the British execution of the Easter Rising's leaders in 1916, and weakened on the partition issue during Lloyd George's Home Rule negotiations. In 1917, his leadership of Irish nationalism collapsed under Sinn Fein challenge.
Subjects: European History.