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schizotypal personality disorder


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A personality disorder characterized by behavioural eccentricities and anomalies of cognition and affect that resemble those of schizophrenia, notably marked discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close personal relationships together with cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentric behaviour, beginning by early childhood, indicated by such signs and symptoms as ideas of reference (but not delusions of reference); odd beliefs or magical thinking (such as superstitions and beliefs in telepathy or clairvoyance); unusual perceptual experiences; strange speech and thinking; paranoid ideation; inappropriate affect or affective flattening; eccentric or peculiar appearance or behaviour; absence of close friends; and excessive social anxiety that does not decline with intimacy. See also cognitive slippage, schizotypy. Compare schizoid personality disorder, schizophrenia.

Subjects: Psychology.


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