Second Front

'Second Front' can also refer to...

Second Front

Second Front

Second Front Striking from the Sudan

Second front

Second Front

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Andrew L. Johns Vietnam's Second Front: Domestic Politics, the Republican Party, and the War. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. 2010. Pp. x, 434. $40.00

Vietnam's Second Front: Domestic Politics, the Republican Party, and the War. By Andrew L. Johns. (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2010. x, 434 pp. $40.00, ISBN 978-0-8131-2572-5.)

Angela K. Smith. The Second Battlefield: Women, Modernism, and the First World War. New York: Manchester University Press. 2000. Pp. 214. Cloth $74.95, paper $27.95 and Margaret M. Darrow. French Women and the First World War: War Stories on the Home Front. (The Legacy of the Great War.) New York: Berg. 2000. Pp. ix, 341. Cloth $65.00, paper $19.95


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The opening of hostilities by US and UK forces on the mainland of Europe in World War II, when the Allies returned to confront the Germans after the fall of France. The First Front (a term not used) was that on which the Soviet Union fought the Axis Powers in the east. From 1941 the Soviet government pressed for an early opening of the Second Front as a means of relieving heavy German pressure. The hope that it could be opened in 1942 was ended by Churchill's insistence that there was insufficient shipping. The disaster of the Dieppe Raid (August 1942) confirmed this, although the Soviet and the US governments continued to criticize British hesitancy through 1943. When the successful Normandy Campaign eventually opened the Second Front in June 1944 it was clear that the operation was an immense enterprise that could easily have failed had it been undertaken too hastily. In the event it led to the defeat of the German army.

Subjects: World History.

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