(b Warsaw, 1911)
Polish-US dancer and director. He studied at Warsaw Opera Ballet School and with Nijinska, joining Ida Rubinstein's company in Paris in 1928. A glamorous dancer with a versatile instinct for different styles, he danced with many companies including Spessivtseva's (1930), with which he created the leading role in Nijinska's Paysage enfantin; de Basil's Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo (1932–9), with which he created roles in many ballets by Balanchine, Massine, and Nijinska; with Ballet Theatre (1940); and with Teatro Colón (various seasons, 1937–47). He was guest artist at La Scala, Milan (1949–50), and directed his own touring groups in the US and S. America from the 1940s.